Community Development Programs 

Spread the love

Community Development Programs 

 

Community development planning has an important place under planned change in India. Residents of rural and tribal areas are suffering from lack of education, indebtedness, unemployment, faulty agriculture and land system. In India, this program was started with a multifaceted objective of the rural community. Community projects are the result of trial plans of Etawah, Gorakhpur, Faridabad and Nilkhedi etc.

This movement was started in the year 1952. Under this movement, programs are made keeping the basic needs of the community as the basis. Local, human and natural resources are fully utilized and successes are divided equally among all classes to eliminate socio-economic inequalities. Under this, a development block is established over about 3 lakh rural population.

The main work of community development blocks is to improve agriculture, to improve land, to provide improved breed of cattle, to raise the standard of living of the villagers through primary, social, cultural, intellectual activities in the villages, expansion of small and cottage industries. and help in their establishment. The objectives of this program are to provide facilities for health, sanitation, education etc. and to promote cooperative movement in the villages. In each division there is an officer, experts in agriculture, animal husbandry, industry and social education etc.

MUST READ THIS

MUST READ THIS

The contact point at the village level is the village level worker. This program greatly helped in the development of rural development programs. The problems of tribal areas are different from those of rural areas, so Tribal Development Blocks were established. Based on the needs of the tribal community and the available resources, efforts were made for the all round development of their lives through these planned programmes. Urban Community Development Program is a new effort in this direction. Under this, programs for all-round development of urban communities were started. Huh . Urban people have their own problems, physical and social.

These programs are conducted under the supervision of trained community organizations. A forward plan (1958) was first started in Delhi. In this the urban community. Neighboring councils are formed by merging several development boards. Self-help. With the help of the necessary government assistance on the principle of the citizens, their problems are removed and community feelings are created in them. Programs for repair of roads, market, tap-electricity, sports etc. are taken in the area of ​​each division. of municipal corporations. Under this, a Urban Development Department is established. Now this type of program after 1982 in big cities like Jamshedpur, Bombay, Madras, Calcutta. have been started. In this way, changes are being brought in all the urban, rural and tribal areas through community development schemes.

 

Panchayati Raj Scheme

 

In the rural community development program it was expected that the village The rural people will give their full cooperation in their own movement for development. The study of the Central Evaluation Committee in 1955 made it clear that public cooperation. Achievement target not met. It was found that the development program was complete. in the hands of government officials. Government’s development policies. Determines and implements. Therefore, keeping in mind the ideal of democratic decentralization, community development programs are implemented. Government officials to power under the Panchayati Raj system. from the hands of the elected representatives of the rural people. The Block Development Officers started working under the representatives of the rural people. Today there are about 2 lakh 25 thousand panchayats in India. The Panchayat officers emerged as the new leaders of the villages.

MUST READ ALSO

MUST READ ALSO

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.