Types of Society

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Here some examples of society are being presented so that it can be understood more easily. Various sociologists have discussed the types of society based on their perspectives.  for example .  According to Durkheim, Mechanical Solidarity and Organic Solidarity, according to the Tonys, Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft, as many examples are given in relation to the society, the discussion of three types of society on an uneven basis is discussed here.


(i) Primitive society –

Primitive society is also referred to as tribal society, tribal society.  ‘Primitive society means a society whose population is small, they live in some small area.  Their social contact is also narrow.  Their economy is simple as compared to progressive and technological society.  There is also lot of specialization among them.It is simple.  The division of work is found on the basis of age, age and gender.  The culture of primitive society is separate and complete in itself.  Lack of systematic art and science is found in them.  Their political system is also different.  Generally, such societies are found in the hilly areas and plateaus amidst the forest.  Such as – Santhal, Toda, Munda and Usaon etc. – In the society, there are primary relations between people.  They are related to each other on the basis of mutual unity and feeling of us.  They fulfill their every need within their society.  I do not have contacts or I do not like to have contacts.

On this basis, these societies transfer on an oral basis.  Thus it is Sm, which has a distinct social relation between them and Sama different from other societies.

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 (ii) Simple and traditional society –

Simple or tradition is addressed.  Such societies are away from the city and grama and spirituality have special importance.  They are determined by Bhagyavada and Kama (status and role) caste, birth and um.  H – Calling simple or traditional society as rural and agricultural society.  Today, people live far away from the city and live in rural areas.  In their lives, religion, tradition and society, in simple society, people-to-people relationship is there and their emotional unity is also found.  Cooperation among themselves (i) There is a sense of primitive society.  They are aware of the sorrow and happiness of each other.  That is, a primary relationship is found between them.  On the basis of religion, custom, tradition and morality, the behavior of individuals is controlled (Simple or Traditional. Conflict is less frequent. Science Society and Technology) is not developed.  The form of division and specialization of labor is also quite simple.  The economy of a simple society is agrarian-dominated.  The main occupation of the people is quite slow in the rate of social mobility and social change in agriculture and simple society.  In such a society, personal qualifications, wealth, education and occupation are not particularly important.  The condition of women is also very low.  The simpler society is relatively larger than the primitive society.  The characteristics of this society are simple due to which it is inferior to the primitive and modern society.

 (iii) Complex and modern society

Complex or modern society is much larger and wider than primitive and simple society.  In such a society, there is some selfishness behind every cooperation and relationship.  A secondary relationship is found between people.  Everybody thinks of his interest and selfishness.  There is a lack of ‘sense of hum’ in people.  There is a sense of conflict and competition between different people and groups.  In such a society there is considerable inequality in the motives and interests of the people.  In a complex society, science, technology, economy and political organizations develop greatly.  Division of labor and specialization are quite common.  In such a society, the population of people and their social contacts are also expanded.  The structure and functions of a society are quite complex.  Religion, tradition, morality etc. do not have much importance in such a society.  In such a situation, the importance of literature, systematic art and logic increases.  New – new institutions, businesses and machines are built in a complex society.  The functions of the people related to it are divided and limited in themselves.  But unity is found in this variation.  In such a society, the needs of the people are so high that no person can fulfill them alone.  Everyone has to be dependent and dependent on each other.  But these relationships are limited to the editing of work.  Complex or modern society is city dominant.  Various types of industries continue to develop here.  The status of people in this society is determined by personal qualifications, education, money and occupation.  People are engaged in different types of business and specialization is also enough.  There are formal relations between them.  In such a society, laws, police and courts are governed by the behavior of the people.  In a complex society, social mobility and the rate of social change are very fast.


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 St. Simon describes three types of society:

  (A) Militant Society,

 (B) Legal Society, and

  (C) Industrial Society


 August Comte mentions three types of society:

 (A) Theological Society,

  (B) Metaphysical Society, and

  (C) Positivistic Society

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