Ecology-Feminism-Women and Environment

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Ecology-Feminism-Women and Environment


  • As a theory, eco-feminism is a fairly new theory and is still trying to find its voice. Therefore, there is no single definition of eco-feminism. French feminist Françoise d’Aubon is credited with coining the term eco-feminism in 1974. He tried to describe the epic violence inflicted on women and nature as a result of male supremacy. Eco-feminism is a theory that seeks to end all forms of oppression. It does so by highlighting the interrelationships between the domination of humans by caste, gender and class on the one hand and the domination of the earth on the other. Eco-feminism is a social movement that recognizes the oppression of women and nature as interconnected. As a result, it is now better understood as a movement working against the mutual oppression of gender, caste, and class. nature. Patsy Hollen doesn’t think that: Me. Gender is most important.
  • Second. Men are responsible for everything, especially environmental destruction.
  • Third. Women do more parenting than men.
  • iv. Women have no power.
  • V. Eco-feminism attempts to drive a wedge between the sexes.
  1. men are the only advantage
  • Actors of environmental destruction.
  • According to Indian mythology, nature consists of five basic elements,

In other words,

  • Fire, air, water, earth and sky. It is our duty to maintain the ecological balance between these elements, if disturbed, nature will be destroyed. In India, from ancient times till today, women all over the country worship plants, trees, rivers, mountains and animals. It is believed that cutting trees is a sin and planting trees is considered sacred. A careful study of our traditional customs reveals that Indian women worship the elements of nature as part of their culture and rituals.
  • Women today are participating equally with men in every field. They are especially ahead of men in terms of pollution prevention and protection, preservation and protection of the environment. This can be proved by the participation of women in various environmental movements from “Chipko Andolan” to “Narmada Bachao Andolan”. Amrita Bai started the Chipko movement in a small village of Khejrili, the movement was later revived by Bachni Devi and Gaura Devi of Uttar Pradesh, who took away the axes from the woodcutters, preventing them from cutting trees. Medha Patkar is a social science graduate who moved to live among the tribals of the Narmada Valley in the mid-1980s. He was instrumental in the formation of the Narmada Bachao Andolan, of which he is one of the principal spokespersons.


  • In 1991, his 21-day fast brought him near death, in a major clash between Narmada Bachao Andolan supporters and pro-dam forces. These are many such examples in which women have fought for environmental protection.
  • Although women are actively participating in the protection of the environment, their participation in the formulation, planning and execution of environmental policies is still low. No environmental program can be successful without the participation of women. Sustainable development cannot be achieved without their full participation.
  • According to Rani Sahu, all the household work starts with women only. They play a vital role in dealing with air, water, soil, living beings and above all the environment as a whole, and are very sensitive to various forms of environmental pollution. And these pollutions invite many types of diseases like food poisoning, bacterial, fungal and viral attacks and many carcinogenic problems. ”Women involved in the movements are Amita Devi, Maneka Gandhi, Medha Patekar, Arundhati Roy, Rachel Carson and many others.
  • There is growing recognition of the need to strengthen women’s abilities to participate in environmental decision-making by increasing their access to information.


  • and education, especially in the areas of science, technology and economics. Women’s lack of access to development planning and policy making has also had a negative impact on the long-term management and protection of the natural environment and the promotion of sustainable development.
  • Science and technology interventions for sustainable development recognize women’s environmental needs and include sustainable livelihoods, protection of the natural environment, and the promotion of women’s equal participation and conceptual authority in environmental decision-making. Any failure to meet these needs and interests has implications for women’s ability to provide food, household needs and income for themselves and their families, their ability to use and manage the natural environment in a sustainable manner, and Their potential is likely to be negatively affected. Equal participation as environmental decision makers in their communities.







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