What is Population Policy – 2000

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What is Population Policy – 2000 ?

Answer Population Policy-2000 The new ‘National Population Policy-2000’ was announced by the Central Government on February 15, 2000. The immediate objective of this new population policy is to supply contraceptives to underserved areas, to expand the health care infrastructure and to recruit health workers, while the medium term objective is to bring the total fertility rate (TFR) to a 2:1 replacement level by 2010. Is .

The long-term objective of the new population policy is to achieve the goal of a stable population by 2045. In this policy, it has been said to stabilize the population at such a level which can play a positive role in economic and social development and environmental protection. Following are the main facts of the new population policy

1. In this population policy, the period of re-determination of Lok Sabha seats under the new limit of population has been extended for another 25 years. Under the provisions of the Constitution, till 2001, the demarcation of Lok Sabha seats was to be done on the basis of population of 1971. Now this arrangement has been extended till 2026.

For this it has been decided to amend Article 84 of the Constitution again. With this arrangement, the number of seats in the Lok Sabha will now remain 543 till 2026 and the number of seats from each state will also remain the same because the states which have not made progress in curbing population growth, will make this program successful. Will be able to play a positive role in creating

2. In the new policy, the Prevention of Child Marriage Act will be implemented effectively and the minimum age of marriage for girls will be increased from 18 years to more than 20 years.

Along with this, the Pre-natal Sex Testing Technical Prevention Act will be strictly implemented.

3. Basic education will be made free and compulsory.

4. In order to encourage the adoption of the small family norm, the Central Government will reward those Panchayats and Zilla Parishads who inspire the people living in their area to adopt measures to control the population. Naya will be

5. Mandatory to register birth-death and marriage

6. Couples living below the poverty line, having a small family (ie those couples who have two children and have undergone sterilization) will be included in the health insurance scheme of five thousand rupees.

7. Those couples belonging to Below Poverty Line will be rewarded who give birth to the first child after marriage after the prescribed age when the mother attains 21 years of age and they undergo sterilization after giving birth to two children.

8. On the birth of up to two children, the below poverty line couples will be given 500 rupees each on the birth of their care.

9. Abortion facility scheme will be made more effective. 1

0. Non-government voluntary organizations will be encouraged to join the family planning programme.

11. Financial assistance to the states will be given on the basis of controlling population growth.

12. To provide ambulance facility in rural areas, loan and financial assistance will be provided on liberal terms. A high-level ‘National Population Commission’ will be constituted under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister to monitor and review the implementation of the new population policy.

Apart from the Union Minister of Family Welfare and some other Union Ministers, the Chief Ministers of all the States and Union Territories will be ex-officio members of this Commission. Eminent demographers, public health experts and representatives of NGOs will also be included in it.
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